HTML5 is the fifth and enhanced prevailing version of the HTML standard. Basically, it was introduced in 2008 and already has astonishingly broad browser support. It was developed primarily to solve the compatibility issues that affect the current standard, HTML4. One of the significant differences between HTML5 and older versions is that it doesn’t require proprietary application programming interfaces (APIs) and plugins.

It features one common interface to make loading elements rapidly and effortlessly. New tags such as the <nav>, <header> and <article> have been introduced in HTML5 which will help search engines examine web pages in an efficient manner. Apart from these, <video>, <audio> and <canvas> tags have also been added in HTML5 to provide support for multimedia on mobile devices.

Most important, the DOCTYPE declaration, as well as character encoding declaration is straightforward in this new major version of HTML.


  1. It enables web developers to write clean and neat code.
  2. It allows web developers to integrate rich media elements without using any plugins or third party programs.
  3. It increases the semantic value of the web page.
  4. It permits developers to use fancier forms.
  5. It facilitates an offline application cache which helps the files to load much faster and decreases the load on the server.
  6. It contains web sockets that allow full duplex communication between clients and servers.
  7. It is compatible with almost every browser.
  8. It offers geolocation APIs which makes the location directly available to any HTML5 compatible browser-based application.

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