After finding a defect, testers produce a formal defect report. The primary objective of defect report is to state the problem precisely so that developers can replicate the defect easily and fix it as soon as possible.
A defect report consists of several elements such as defect ID, project, product, summary, description, attachments, and to name a few. Your defect report should be very specific, detailed, objective oriented, reproducible. Also, the tester should review the defect report before submitting.
It helps management to know which work is completed and which work is in progress.
It provides a detailed report of which work is to be done and when it will be done.
It provides a comprehensive report of defects that are already fixed.
It contains the information of the developer who fixed the shortcomings.
It provides a detailed report on which device or OS, the defect is encountered.